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North Macedonia Prespa Agreement

… amend the Constitution in accordance with the Prespa Agreement, including the adoption of the Republic of Northern Macedonia as the country`s official name. The Greek Parliament then ratified the Prespa agreement on 25 January. In both countries, domestic policy`s response to the agreement has been largely hostile. Macedonian nationalists have made this agreement a… The international community, to which Prime Minister Theresa May (Uk), Justin Trudeau (Canada), Boyko Borisov (Bulgaria) and Edi Rama (Albania), French President Emmanuel Macron, President of Kosovo, Hashim Thai, Donald Tusk of the European Union and Jean-Claude Juncker of the European Commission, the Foreign Ministers of the United States and Germany, Michael Pompeo and Heiko Maas, George , EU adviser to Romania, and Jens Stoltenberg, head of NATO, welcomed the ratification of the agreement. In addition, in the congratulatory message to his Greek counterpart Alexis Tsipras, whom he described as a “friend”, Macedonian Prime Minister Zoran Zaev called the ratification a “historic victory” that “ends a long-standing diplomatic conflict between Athens and Skopje”. [120] [121] On the other hand, Russia rejected the Prespa agreement and referred to the low turnout in the 2018 non-binding referendum on changing the country`s name. [122] Hungary, which granted asylum to the fugitive former Macedonian Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski, a staunch critic of the agreement, also opposed it. [123] On 30 October, the Skopje Public Prosecutor`s Office opened proceedings against Macedonian President Gjorge Ivanov for his refusal to fulfil his constitutional obligations when the Prespa agreement was signed after it was ratified by the Macedonian Parliament. [79] [80] The international community reacted positively to the Prespa agreement[12] and the media called it “historic”. [13] [14] [15] [16] The European Union welcomed them and The President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, tweeted his “sincere congratulations” to Tsipras and Zaev. “I`m crossing my fingers.

Thanks to you, the impossible becomes possible,” he said. EU Foreign Affairs Representative Federica Mogherini and Johannes Hahn also congratulated the two Prime Ministers in a joint statement “that leads to this historic agreement between their countries, which contributes to the transformation of the entire region of South-Eastern Europe.” [17] [18] NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg welcomed the agreement and said it would put the Republic of Macedonia on the path to NATO membership. [19] In addition, British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson hailed the deal as “fantastic news.” [20] [21] “The agreement always confirms and strengthens Macedonian ethnic and cultural identity, Macedonian language, Macedonian nationality. It guarantees the security of the country and offers a secure future to the citizens of the Republic of Macedonia,” Zaev said. [22] Prior to the Prespa agreement, international organizations provisionally designated the Republic of Macedonia as the “former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” (sometimes abbreviated by “FYROM”). As long as the subject plays a leading role in the national information cycle, opponents of the Prespa agreement will take every opportunity to argue that the developments justify their position and that the agreement undermines Greece`s national interests. This could not be more than a controversial BBC report, for example, which provoked a harsh condemnation from Athens; or the agitation of the “rainbow” party, which claims to represent Slawean-speaking Greeks.