In addition to these two policies, free trade agreements have been signed with other states and trading blocs, including Chile and South Africa. The EU usually enters into association agreements in exchange for commitments on political, economic, trade or human rights reform in a country. In return, the country may be offered duty-free access to some or all EU markets (industrial goods, agricultural products, etc.) as well as financial or technical assistance. A free trade agreement between the EU and the third country is among the latest free trade agreements signed. The EU also enters into non-preferential trade agreements under broader agreements such as Partnership and Cooperation Agreements (CPAs). According to the WTO, it can be so important to promise that there will be no removal of a trade barrier as to reduce one, as if it were predictive for businesses. This will encourage investment, create jobs and enable consumers to take full advantage of the benefits of competition – choice and lower prices. EU trade policy is also used as an instrument to promote European principles and values, ranging from democracy and human rights to environmental and social rights. In its initial phase, the Council authorises the European Commission to negotiate a new trade agreement on behalf of the EU. This requires a “negotiating mandate.” With the appropriate authorization, the Commission adopts negotiating guidelines that include the objectives, scope and possible timelines of the negotiations. Trade agreements between the EU and other countries or free trade zones have different implications for national economies. The agricultural industry is most affected when regional farms face competition from large producers who have access to markets in the event of lower tariffs. In major agreements such as the AA with Mercosur, European countries are significantly opposed to cheaper imports of meat and other products.
 However, for the automotive and export manufacturing industries, which generally include larger global groups, significant increases in volume are evident for more industrialized members of trade.  The fourth EU Implementation Report (Other Languages), published in November 2020 and preceded by the preface by the Directorate-General for Trade, Sabine Weyand (other languages), provides an overview of the successes in 2019 and remarkable work for the EU`s 36 main preferential trade agreements. The accompanying staff working document provides detailed information in accordance with the trade agreement and trading partners. In some circumstances, trade negotiations with a trading partner have been concluded, but have not yet been signed or ratified. This means that, although the negotiations are over, no part of the agreement is yet in force. The Association Agreement establishes an association committee and the trade part of the agreement provides for the creation of a number of sectoral subcommittees and a trade and sustainable development committee composed of high-level authorities from the administrations of each party. In accordance with Article 8 of the Association Agreement, the Association Committee met on 27 June 2019 in Antigua, Guatemala. In June 2018, the European Council stressed the need to maintain and deepen the rules-based multilateral system, amid growing trade tensions around the world.