United States Free Trade Agreements

Panama The U.S.-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement was signed in October 2011 and came into force on October 31, 2012. The United States maintained a consistent trade surplus with Panama under the agreement. In 2016, the United States exported $4.6 billion worth of goods to Panama, while it imported $3056 million in Panamanian products. USTR US-Panama TPA Page” Descriptions and detailed texts of many U.S. trade agreements are available left via the Resource Center. The public procurement chapter differs from previous free trade agreements in that a company`s compliance with “acceptable” environmental and labour standards can be taken into account as a standard in the tendering and purchasing process. The technical specifications article specifies that it must not prevent a purchasing entity from using technical specifications to promote the conservation of natural resources or require a supplier to comply with applicable general laws on fundamental principles and right to work; and acceptable working conditions with respect to minimum wage, hours of work and safety and health in the territory where the service is provided or where the service is provided. The United States has begun to negotiate bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements with the following countries and blocs: the canal has consolidated Panama as a maritime economy and its return to Panamanian control has raised expectations of increased economic benefits from its ownership. The canal itself accounts for about 6% of Panama`s GDP, with the largest and fastest traffic along the U.S. East Coast trade route to Asia (particularly the United States-China). About one-third of the total that crosses the canal has its origin or your destination in the United States. However, the economic impact of the canal is much greater and supports revenues and jobs in various service sectors, including storage, ship registries and repairs, salvage operations, insurance, banking and tourism. The two major ports at both ends of the canal have been privatized and modernized, and part of the canal was expanded in 2001, and Panama undertook a difficult and costly challenge to improve the capacity of the entire canal to accommodate much larger post-Panama vessels.20 Panama held a national referendum on the $5.25 billion enlargement on October 22 , 2006.

It has gone a long way and expansion is underway. As part of the resolution, Panamanian officials visited the United States to verify the meat and poultry food safety control system and found that the adoption of the U.S. system would not pose a health threat to Panama. This agreement was formalized as part of a separate bilateral agreement between the two countries, along with a streamlined import documentation system. The agreement, signed and entered into force on 20 December 2006, stipulates that Panama accepts US health, plant health and regulatory systems as equivalent to Panama`s for meat, poultry, dairy products and other processed products and no longer requires individual plant inspections. Panama has since amended its legislation accordingly.45 In general, textiles and clothing have been making difficult negotiations on market access, but Panama produces very few of these products. The free trade agreement would grant immediate duty-free access to all textile and clothing products, subject to rules of origin (which require the use of fabrics and yarns produced in Panama or the United States).46 The sustainability of the more accommodating provisions and measures provide an advantage to the small Panamanian industry. Safeguards would increase tariffs on imports in which a sudden increase in volumes actually threatens or harms U.S. producers. The text also provides for short lists of materials, threads and fibres that are otherwise accompanied by tariffs. Market access rules were not the main problem of clothing. Given that Panama is a huge transshipment point for trade i