The first of the walls of peace was built in 1969, after a series of sectarian unrest shook Belfast. The walls erected as a temporary measure were a very simple solution to the problem of republican and loyalist division. But because of their efficiency, they never came down. Over time, the walls became longer and more numerous. While most of the walls were erected during the first years of unrest, about a third have appeared since 1994, when the IRA declared an effective ceasefire. However, he said in his experience, walls are no longer needed. An immediate and obvious starting point is to consider the insistence on a model of government following the agreement not as a new account of the organization of peace, but as the recent evolution of a protracted economic response to the conflict. In this sense, the clear change to peace can actually be seen as an extension of previous economic strategies – strategies ranging from Roy Mason`s insistence that job creation would give the IRA a “hammer blow,” to Terence O`Neill`s famous statement that “give Catholics a good job and a good home.” they will live like Protestants.” The sectarian assumptions that underpin this policy are not without its own complexities, but Northern Ireland`s accolade at the economic logic of the consonator justifies that they are at best ousted and, at worst, ignored. With the signing of the Good Friday Agreement, Northern Ireland seems to have entered a new era of peace and prosperity. “There is a well of economic goodwill and potential foreign investment waiting for the right opportunity,” Blair said during a visit to Belfast in 1998. Twenty years later, these economic investments seem to have taken root – Belfast is now “encirclement” of a number of new urban monuments, its signs and maps inspired by a city with great designs.
Indeed, there are more walls of peace in Northern Ireland today than before the signing of the Good Friday Agreement of 1998. However, some members of a community youth programme in Belfast have called for the walls to be fell. The agreement required the transfer of authority over certain policy areas of the British Parliament to a newly created assembly in Belfast and paved the way for paramilitary groups to give up their weapons and engage in the political process. It has contributed to a sharp decrease in violence and the annual death toll, which peaked at 480 in 1972, has fallen to one figure in recent years. There is an uncomfortable orientation between this exhausted form of policy and the economic imperatives that make it possible. Although the text of the agreement contains a clear lack of economic supply, its permanent positioning of Northern Irish identity as two distinct groups carries its own macroeconomic logic.